Artificial Intelligence Drones

Greenheart’s farmers utilize the world's first advanced artificial intelligence drones – the CBDrone1.

The CBDrone is built specifically to cultivate, feminize, and harvest hemp crops for CBD. CBDrone multispectral sensors provide five spectral bands (blue, green, red, red edge, near-infrared) which gather both visible wavelengths and wavelengths outside the visible spectrum. This allows the CBDrone to collect data and help farmers understand the health of their crops by analyzing the light reflecting off objects.

When other bands are combined with near-infrared, farmers can determine the vegetation’s stress level.

  • Green, red, and blue bands provide information about the health crop and quality soil.

  • The blue and red bands show the levels of chlorophyll in the plants, helping determine their health.

  • Red edge is between the red band and near infrared. This band lets farmers track plant health, plant counting, and water levels.

  • Near-infrared provides information on cellular structure, soil properties, moisture, and erosion analysis.

Using a thermal sensor, CBDrone measures the temperature of the crop and analyzes plant physiology, soil salinity, plant disease, and yield forecasts. It is important to understand temperature’s effects on crop growth. Sudden temperature changes may affect the plant’s growth rate and production levels.

CBDrone’s thermal sensor also measures the soil temperature to provide data on plant root growth. Because temperatures vary throughout the day and night, CBDrone offers daily or hourly scanning to help forecast the impact of temperature changes on the crop. Farmers are able to see the history of their crop temperature. While temperature changes may not immediately cause thermal damage, the plant may show signs of being affected by mild to high level changes in the temperature, making it vulnerable to future freezing or heat-shock.

Moisture sensors work with CBDrone to measure the moisture levels in the soil. These sensors are long rods placed into the soil throughout the farm. The moisture sensors send signals to CBDrone as it flies through the crops to report the current moisture level of the soil. These signals are displayed on the map, allowing the farmer to better understand which areas are underwatered or overwatered. The farmer is then able to adjust irrigation techniques to save on water bills.

Each drone will have a number of attachments including:

  • Robotic Arm

  • Sprayer

  • Soil Tester

  • Seeder

Technical Specifications

Multi spectral Sensors

  • Blue

  • Green

  • Red

  • Red Edge

  • Near Infrared

Additional Features

  • Built-in GPS

  • Inertial Navigation System

  • Altimeter

  • Ultrasound

  • Optical flow vertical camera

  • 360 degree LIDAR

  • Sunshine Sensor


  • Object Detection Camera & Wide-Angle Camera

  • Video: 1080p Full HD

  • Internal video memory: 256 GB

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